A top choice among spinners, mohair a fine, soft, and silky natural fiber that is sheared from the Angora goat. It is an eco-friendly and animal-friendly alternative to real fur and one of the oldest natural textiles in use today. Featuring a variety of natural colors, mohair takes dyes so beautifully in bright, vibrant colors. It looks great when spun alone or spun with other fibers.
Three main types of mohair
- Adult mohair – Sheared from a mature goat, adult mohair is typically 3 to 6 inches in length and can be either fine or coarse. Its fineness is rated at a minimum of 30 microns.
- Kid mohair – This soft and fine fleece is the first shearing from a young Angora, with a fineness of 23 to 27 microns. It is less lustrous than an adult mohair.
- Goatling – As soft as a kid mohair, the goatling is the second shearing from an Angora goat.
Differences between mohair and wool
Mohair is somewhat similar to wool in many ways. The only difference is that unlike wool, mohair has no scales that irritate and cause discomfort to the skin. Mohair has scales along the fiber, but they are farther apart than those on wool, making mohair hypoallergenic and ideal for people who are allergic to wool. This structure also makes mohair more slippery to spin than wool.
Properties of mohair
Known mostly for its silkiness and softness, mohair is a useful fiber because of its wide range of characteristics:
- Easy and beautiful to dye
- Resistant to wrinkling, stretching, and soiling
- Looks great even when spun with other kinds of fiber
Uses of mohair
Because of its unique luster and durability, mohair is spun, knitted, or weaved to make dresses, shawls, blankets, coats, curtains, rugs, hats, sweaters, and other clothing and household items.